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Bocinsky, Kyle, Keith Kintigh, Timothy Kohler, Bertram Ludäscher, Ann Kinzig, Carla Van West, Margaret Nelson, Adam Brin, Sarah Oas, Johnathan Rush, Timothy McPhillips, and Yang Cao. Toward effective cyber-infrastructure support of socio-environmental research. Poster presented in organized session, The Robustness and Vulnerability of Food Production and Social Change: An Evaluation of Interdisciplinary Concepts Using Archaeological Data, Models, and Ethnographic Observations. Society for American Archaeology, 80th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California. 17 April 2015.

Full APA Reference

Bocinsky, Kyle, Keith Kintigh, Timothy Kohler, Bertram Ludäscher, Ann Kinzig, Carla Van West, Margaret Nelson, Adam Brin, Sarah Oas, Johnathan Rush, Timothy McPhillips, and Yang Cao. Toward effective cyber-infrastructure support of socio-environmental research. Poster presented in organized session, The Robustness and Vulnerability of Food Production and Social Change: An Evaluation of Interdisciplinary Concepts Using Archaeological Data, Models, and Ethnographic Observations. Society for American Archaeology, 80th Annual Meeting, San Francisco, California. 17 April 2015.

Publication Abstract

Introducing SKOPE—Synthesized Knowledge of Past Environments

Understanding coupled human and natural systems is a major research focus of the social and natural
sciences. Scholars interested in environmental conditions (including those of deep prehistory) cannot simply extrapolate the past from the present. They instead require environmental knowledge specific to their spatial-temporal problem contexts. However, they are unlikely to find data that account for climatic variability in their region, and in general they will find that environmental data are difficult to discover and even more difficult to integrate, process, and interpret.
Here we introduce our ongoing effort to design and prototype SKOPE, a tool that, for a given location and temporal interval, integrates contemporary, historical, and paleoenvironmental data and returns a synthesis of key environmental parameters relevant to humans. Data are documented with record of their provenance and assessments of their accuracy and spatiotemporal resolution. While the tool is designed to be deployed globally, our initial efforts focus on the US Southwest over the last two millennia.

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